Earthquakes, one of Mother Nature’s most unsettling phenomena, are unpredictable and can strike without warning. That’s why it’s important for you and your family to learn how to prepare for an earthquake, and develop a plan to react quickly and safely if a disaster strikes.
Preparing for an Earthquake
- Locate and learn how to use the shutoff valves for water, gas, and electricity in your home.
- Prepare an emergency earthquake kit with warm clothing, non-perishable food items and bottled water to last you and your family for at least 72 hours.
- Bold down and secure your water heater, refrigerator, furnace, and gas appliances to the wall studs.
- Hold earthquake drills with your family members: Drop, cover, and hold on!
During an Earthquake
- Remain inside of your home and seek shelter under a heavy table or desk; brace yourself inside a door-frame or inside wall.
- Stay at least 2 metres away from windows and out of kitchens and garages, if possible.
- Stay under the structure that is protecting you. If the shaking causes the table or desk to move, then you should move with it so you remain protected.
- Do not panic, and anticipate what you should do next to remain safe.
Follow these guidelines to remain safe after the ground stops shaking:
- Remain in your safe location for several minutes in case there are any aftershocks
- Do not leave your home unless it is absolutely necessary to do so
- Check your family members for injuries and administer first aid
- Establish a temporary shelter area in your home away from areas that have severe damage